Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde
versão impressa ISSN 1679-4974
GOMES, Maria Regina Reis e COSTA, Juvenal Soares Dias da. Infant mortality and congenital abnormalities in the Municipality of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: ecologic study in the period 1996-2008. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.1, pp. 119-128. ISSN 1679-4974. http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742012000100012.
OBJECTIVE: the study aims to verify trends in infant mortality and mortality from congenital malformations, and to evaluate the impact on indicators by the epidemic of rubella (occurred in 2007) in the Municipality of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in the period 1996-2008. METHODS: ecological and descriptive study of the rate of infant mortality and mortality from congenital malformations between 1996 and 2008; it was used data from information systems. RESULTS: the authors perceived significant decrease in infant mortality (β=-0.03; CI95%: -0.05 to -0.01; p<0.01), despite the same did not occurred for mortality by congenital malformations, which reduction observed had not statistical significance (β=-0.01; CI95%: -0.04 to 0.02; p=0.41); it was identified only one case of congenital rubella syndrome. CONCLUSION: the confirmed effectiveness of measures introduced to reduce infant mortality and the epidemic of rubella occurred in 2007 did not affect infant mortality from congenital malformations in Pelotas-RS.
Palavras-chave : infant mortality; congenital abnormalities; rubella syndrome congenital; congenital malformation; epidemiology.