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Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde

versão impressa ISSN 2176-6223versão On-line ISSN 2176-6223

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VIANA, Giselle Maria Rachid et al. Comparison of two DNA obtainment methods as alternative protocols for the detection of human malaria parasites by nested PCR. Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.2, pp.49-54. ISSN 2176-6223.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S2176-62232010000200005.

The correct and precise laboratory diagnosis of human malaria is still a challenge because the reference method, the Giemsa-stained thick blood smear (TS), has limitations that present problems for malaria control. Because of these problems, several studies have attempted to develop alternative methods for malaria diagnosis. Many of these studies focus on molecular diagnosis methods and have led to the development of some alternatives to TS. However, their limitations include high cost, protocol complexity and variable quality of DNA sources and reagents. Nested PCR has been shown to be a good method in this respect and it can be improved by using a high-quality source of DNA. In this study we evaluated two methods for the obtainment of DNA from dried blood samples on filter paper: 1) washing and 2) saponin/chelex-100. The second method showed higher sensitivity and specificity compared to the first, as it detected more infections, whether single or mixed, as well as Plasmodium malariae infections. Based on these results, we present this method as the protocol of choice for DNA obtainment. Nested PCR using saponin/chelex-100 for DNA extraction could be an alternative or complementary diagnosis method for human malaria parasites, but it is not appropriate for routine use.

Palavras-chave : Malaria; DNA; Polymerase Chain Reaction.

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