Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde
versão On-line ISSN 2176-6223
ANDRADE, Ercília de Souza et al. Perception of physical inactivity and associated factors in pregnant adolescents in the City of Coari, Amazonas State, Brazil. Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.4, pp. 35-41. ISSN 2176-6223. http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S2176-62232010000400006.
Sedentary habits are an issue of concern during adolescence because they are a risk factor for several diseases and predispose adolescents to chronic diseases in adulthood. When associated with a sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy during adolescence is a determining factor for becoming vulnerable to developing disease. This study aimed to assess the perception of sedentary behavior by pregnant adolescents treated in Basic Health Care Units in the Municipality of Coari, Amazonas State, Brazil. The study also aimed to survey for associated factors through a cross-sectional, quantitative investigation of pregnant adolescents living in the urban area of the Municipality of Coari. Data were collected in September 2010 through the use of a semi-structured questionnaire with open- and closed-ended items covering the level of physical activity and sedentary behavior. The results show that 69% of the pregnant adolescents were 17 or 18 years old, 44% were single, and 56% had started but not concluded primary education. Among the interviewees, 97% stated that they did not exercise during pregnancy; 75% considered themselves sedentary after acknowledging the meaning of a sedentary lifestyle, and only 25% considered themselves physically active. Thus, the perception of sedentary behavior by pregnant adolescents proved to be worrisome, and the pattern of activity on the part of the interviewees was classified as low and inadequate after the beginning of pregnancy. We conclude that behavioral, biological and cultural factors influence the determination of sedentary behavior. We also show a lack of stimulus for physical activities during pregnancy and illustrate the need for special attention from public health servants.
Palavras-chave : Pregnancy in Adolescence; Sedentary Lifestyle; Motor Activity; Cross-Sectional Studies.